When it comes to gum disease types, gingivitis is the earliest stage and it is highly treatable. For mild cases, correcting your oral hygiene habits may be effective. That means regularly brushing and flossing your teeth and visits to the dentist every six months for a professional exam and cleaning. In many cases, these changes will not be enough. You may need a deep cleaning procedure called a scaling and root planing. Scaling is when the dentist scrapes away the plaque and tartar that has accumulated above and below your gumline. Root planing is when the dentist removes the rough bacterial deposits that form at the root of your teeth when you are suffering from gingivitis. Scaling and root planing is usually able to restore your gums to proper health.
If gingivitis is allowed to progress, it can turn into periodontitis. At this point, your gums actually start peeling away from your teeth. Periodontal pockets begin to form, and if you do not try and correct this issue, your teeth will likely start to fall out. Pocket reduction surgery can be done to try and prevent the periodontitis from progressing any further. In this procedure, our Los Angeles periodontics expert will make an incision in your gums. Your gums will then be pulled back and the tartar underneath will be removed. When reattached, the gums will be placed snugly around your tooth. Bone and soft tissue grafts are also treatment options for dealing with the effects of periodontitis.