Periodontics is the science and maintenance of the gums. Performed by periodontists who have studied the soft tissues for years, these practices fight inflammations that can lead to tooth loss and even heart disease.
There are two stages of gum inflammation: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis can occur through simple neglect, as bacteria builds up from irregular brushing and flossing. A common sign of gingivitis is bleeding while brushing. Not all gingivitis advances to periodontitis. The latter is the more serious condition and is the top cause of tooth loss among American adults.
A common treatment used by our periodontist in Los Angeles is scaling and root planing, which creates a more stable gum-to-tooth relationship. Periodontists use tools like scalers and curettes to scrape away destructive agents. If left untreated, these agents will erode the gumline and create periodontal pockets, which expose the teeth to even more bacteria. The completion of this devastating cycle would be tooth extraction, which the periodontist makes it her job to prevent.
Periodontists work closely with orthodontists and dental surgeons to police your whole face, not just your mouth. For more information on modern periodontics, contact our Los Angeles dentists.